By The Conversation
Forget the Turing and Lovelace tests on artificial intelligence: I want to see a robot pass the Frampton Test.
Let me explain why rock legend Peter Frampton enters the debate on AI.
For many centuries, much thought was given to what distinguishes humans from animals. These days thoughts turn to what distinguishes humans from machines.
The British code breaker and computing pioneer, Alan Turing, proposed “the imitation game” (also known as the Turing test) as a way to evaluate whether a machine can do something we humans love to do: have a good conversation.
If a human judge cannot consistently distinguish a machine from another human by conversation alone, the machine is deemed to have passed the Turing Test.
Initially, Turing proposed to consider whether machines can think, but realised that, thoughtful as we may be, humans don’t really have a clear definition of what thinking is.
Tens of thousands of people have marched through Dublin, Ireland, in protest at controversial new municipal water charges introduced as part of the country’s austerity deal with Europe. Irish Water started billing residents for water usage in April following an agreement made with creditors under the terms of the bailout plan in 2010.
The water charges were ordered by the European Central Bank, International Monetary Fund and European Union in a bid to boost the revenue raised from taxes in the Republic. Critics say the charges are having a catastrophic impact on the poorest members of society whilst barely impinging on the lives of the richest.
At a press conference for the event, union leader John Douglas said: “Ireland is one of the most unequal countries in the developed world where hundreds of thousands of us struggle to just get by… at the same time, a relatively small few flourish in barely imaginable wealth.”
Read more http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/ireland-80000-march-protest-austerity-linked-new-water-charges-1517706
MI6 spy Gareth Williams hacked into restricted information about former US President Bill Clinton, it has been claimed.
The 31-year-old codebreaker was discovered inside a padlocked bag in a bathtub at his London home in 2010, sparking a real-life mystery worthy of any 007 thriller.
Theories about the maths genius with a taste for cross-dressing included that he was killed by foreign spooks, eliminated by fellow agents and suffocated when a sex game went disastrously wrong.
Now it is claimed he illegally obtained a guest list for an event attended by Mr Clinton as a favour for a friend who was going.
A source told the Sun on Sunday: “The Clinton diary hack came at a time when Williams’s work with America was of the most sensitive nature.
“It was a diplomatic nightmare for Sir John Sawers, the new director of MI6 at the time.”
Read more http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/mi6-spy-found-holdall-hacked-6349119