Susan O’Brien QC will lead the probe first announced by education secretary Angela Constance in December.
In a statement to Parliament, Ms Constance set out the remit of the inquiry, which will cover children in formal institutional care including faith-based organisations, children’s homes and secure care.
It will also extend to those in foster care, long-term hospital care and boarding schools.
Ms Constance said the Scottish Government plans to lift the current three-year time bar for civil action in cases of historical child abuse since September 1964.
She also announced new funding of £13.5m to support survivors of abuse in state care.
The inquiry will have the power to compel witnesses to attend and give evidence, and Ms Constance previously pledged that where crimes are uncovered the “full force of the law” would be used to bring those responsible to justice.
And in the UK there are only 38 days to go until the 1st anniversary of the decision to hold a CSA Inquiry. Three chairs later and still no progress.